Brief History of ABC Boards
In 1937, an
Alcoholic Beverage Control bill was enacted by the North Carolina General
Assembly that created the foundation for the system of control we operate under
today. This Act allowed voters in each county to determine whether or not
spirituous liquor should be sold at retail. If approved by the local voters,
the Act provided for the establishment of a local ABC board that has the
authority and duty to operate one retail ABC store. If disapproved at the
county level, local towns or municipalities could then vote on the issue. The
Act also provided for the establishment of a State ABC Commission to have
oversight authority with respect to each local ABC Board.
Today, there are 165 local ABC systems in the State that operate 418 retail
stores. Fiscal year ending June 30, 2012, the retail and mixed beverage sales totaled
approximately $795 Million. County and municipal ABC Boards in North Carolina
are local independent political subdivisions of the State. They operate as
separate entities establishing their own policies and procedures.
Each local ABC Board consists of a Chairman and two to six (depending on the
Board size) board members appointed by their city, town or county governing
authority. They retain authority to set policy and adopt rules in conformity
with ABC Laws and Commission Rules.